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湖北成人高考网 > 湖北成考真题 > 专升本真题 > 2022年湖北成考学位英语仿真试题及答案解析

2022年湖北成考学位英语仿真试题及答案解析

湖北成考网 湖北成考 2022-01-15 09:26 交流群+

【摘要】通过 湖北成考 学位英语是同学们申请学士学位证的必要条件,下面是小编整理的一套学位英语仿真试题及答案解析,需要的同学们可以做一做试题! Part I Reading Comprehension(30%) Direction:There are three passages in this part.Each passage is follo...

通过湖北成考学位英语是同学们申请学士学位证的必要条件,下面是小编整理的一套学位英语仿真试题及答案解析,需要的同学们可以做一做试题!

2022年湖北成考学位英语仿真试题及答案解析
 
 
Part I Reading Comprehension(30%)
 
Direction:There are three passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
Passage 1
 
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
 
A little boy in South Carolina got to celebrate his birthday twice:After only one friend showed up to his birthday party,the local fire department decided to throw him another on.
 
The City of Beaufort Fire Department shared the story of a party the fire department held for a local boy named Cooper,who was disappointed when only one of his classmates showed up to his 6th birthday party.But after a community member gave the local fire department a call,(76)the members were quick to come to hisrescue.
 
“We jumped on board and said we’ll do whatever we can to make sure he has a great birthday and that more than one child shows up,”Beaufort firefighter Ross Vezinsays.“Wemade arrangements to pick him up from school along with his mom and brother,and we brought him to abowlingalley(保龄球场)alongwitha biker group”The fire department was also able to bring nearly 75 other kids from school to celebrate alongside Cooper,whose mother,NicoalaShiflet,said he has difficulty making friends because he suffers from autism(自闭症)“They had cake and presents and got to do some bowling,”Vezin continues,adding that the party came to be known as”Coopers Birthday 2.0”.
 
From riding in a fire truck to seeing the motorcycles from the biker group and evening welcomed by so many new friends,Cooper loved his celebration.And it won't be the last time that the little boy gets to hang out with the fire department responsible for it“we’re also going to have him up next week,"Vezin says."We’re going to give him a fire department T-shirt and a tour of our fire station.”
 
1.Who did the most to make Cooper's second birthday party a greatsuccess?
 
A.Firefighters from Beaufort FireDepartment.
 
B.Men from the bikergroup.
 
C.Community members.
 
D.Cooper'sparents.
 
2.Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE according to thepassage
 
A.About 75 kids showed up at Cooper's second birthdayparty.
 
B.Cooper's mother and brother were at his second birthdayparty.
 
C.Those joining the second birthday party did somebowling.
 
D.Cooper got a T-shirt from the fire department at his second birthdayparty.
 
3.The phrase have him up in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to
 
A.invite him as aguest
 
B.meet him bychance
 
C.take care of him
 
D.make friends withhim
 
4.Only one kid went to Cooper's first birthdaypartybecause.
 
A.Cooper was not good at makingfriends.
 
B.other kids were busy with their classesthen.
 
C.Cooper liked to play with grown-ups.
 
D.Cooper didn't invite hisclassmate.
 
5.We learn from the passage thatCooperwas the second birthdayparty.
 
A.disappointedwith B.satisfiedwith
 
C.frightenedby D.angryabout
 
Passage 2
 
Question 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
 
On July 20,1969,Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon.The spacesuit Armstrong wore on his mission has come to symbolize courage and human achievement.In 1971,the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum(NASM)acquired Armstrong's suit It stoodproudlyondisplayforvisitorstoadmire,untiltherewerechangesinthesuit'sappearance.
 
“Over time,the suit started to show signs of deterioration(变坏)."Lisa Young says.She worksat NASM and her job is to preserve historical and cultural treasures.
 
Plastics are tricky to preserve.They tend to degrade(降解)over time.Neoprene is one type of plastic in Armstrong s suit.The material can tum brittle and break into tiny Pieces.(77)Thiswould ruin the spacesuit,NASM,seeking ways to preserve this historical treasure,removed it from display in2006.
 
Yet history can still be saved.Sunlight,water,humidity,and dust can cause plastics to degrade,Scientists have found that storing plastics in cooler temperatures,with lower humidity levels,can slow degradation.Young says Armstrong's suit is currently in storage at a temperature of 63°F and a lower relative humidity of 30%.These conditions will be maintained when Armstrong’ssuitreturnstoamuseumdisplaycaseintimeforthisyear’s50thanniversary(周年纪念日)ofthemoonlanding.
 
Plastic degradation affects art,too,Artist Claes Oldenburg created False Food Selection in 1906.(78)It consists of plastic food displayed in a wooden box.The plastic food used to look real.Now,some of it has flattened and yellowed.The artwork's wooden box produces an acidic gas that eats away at the plastic,which speeds up the degradation process.But Young is motivated to preserve this artwork and others like it."Plastics are a part of our history,"she says."it's important to preserve them so that future generations can understand the journey we'vetaken.”
 
6.Which of the following is the best title for thepassage?
 
A.Landing ontheMoon B.PreservingPlastics
 
C.NeilArmstrong's Spacesuit D.Application ofPlastics
 
7.The word brittle in Paragraph 2probablymeans.
 
A.wellestablished B.heavilyloaded
 
C.easily upset D.easilybroken
 
8.In 2006,NASM removed Armstrong’s spacesuit fromdisplayto.
 
A.put itonsale B.return it toArmstrong
 
C.give it toanothermuseum D.look for ways to preserveit
 
9.In Claes Oldenburg’s False Food Selection,thewoodenbox the plasticdegradation.
 
A.slowsdown B.leadsto
 
C.accelerates D.doesn't play any rolein
 
10.According to the passage,which of the following statements is NOTTRUE?
 
A.Sunlight,water and dust contribute to plasticdegradation.
 
B.Armstrong's spacesuit is currently on public display atNASM.
 
C.NASM acquired Armstrong's spacesuit in1971.
 
D.Claes Oldenburg is anartist.
 
Passage3
 
Question 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
 
There was once a tree in South Africa so wide that it could fit 60 people inside its hollow trunk.The tree reached 62 feet into the sky.It was more than 1,100 years old.But recently,that tree and others like it have died.(79)Scientists are wondering why.
 
The tree was a baobab.A baobab looks like a giant oak(橡树)turned upside down It’s branches resemble roots reaching toward the sky.It grows in Africa and is called the Tree of Life.Baobab trees tend to live a long time.One of the oldest stood for more than 2.400 years.Various baobabs have been used as a shop,a prison,a house,and a bus shelter.
 
In 2005,scientists began a survey to determine the age of more than 60 baobabs(80)Duringthe process,they noticed that several of the trees had died.Their results.recently published in Nature Plants,show that nine of the 13 oldest baobab trees and five out of six of the largest died in the 12-year study period.
 
Stephan Woodborne conducted the baobab study with six other scientists.They say more research is needed to know why the trees died,but they think climate change may be to blame.That’s because the trees showed no evidence of disease.Plus.many were in national parks,so they would have been protected from human harm.Also,Woodborne says,the most affected baobabs are on the outer edge of their ideal habitat(栖息地).Increasing heat and shifting rainy seasons have made it harder for baobabs in these areas to thrive.
 
Smaller and younger baobabs are dying too."The big ones and the old ones caught attention ofthe media,Woodbornesays."But it'snotjustthose It'sunprecedented(空前的)that they should be dying across the age spectrum.We’ve got to do a reality check on our own footprints in termsof the way we live our lives.If we all changed what we did a little bit.it would start to make a difference.”
 
11.Which of the following is the best title for thepassage?
 
A.Die-off ofAfrica's Baobabs B.National Parks inAfrica
 
C.AfricanRainySeasons D.Strange-lookingBaobabs
 
12.The baobabstudylasted.
 
A.6years B.9years
 
C.12years D.13years
 
13.According to Stephan Woodborne,the baobab trees died mainlybecauseof.
 
A.humandamage B.disease
 
C.climatechange D.the attack ofinsects
 
14.The word spectrum in the last paragraph is closest inmeaningto.
 
A.point B.range
 
C.edge D.team
 
15.According to the passage,which of the following statements is NOTTRUE?
 
A.Further research is needed to know why the Baobabsdied.
 
B.Baobab trees can live a longtime.
 
C.The researchers found that only old baobab treesdied.
 
D.The baobab study Involved more than 60baobabs.
 
Part II Vocabulary and Structure(30%)
 
Directions:in this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C,and D.choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then blacken the corresponding letter on the AnswerSheet.
 
16.Becoming American citizen takes a lot ofwork.
 
A./B.an C.a D.the
 
17.She was the only member ofherfamily spokeEnglish.
 
A.that B.whom C.what D.which
 
18.he walked,he looked carefully at the ice in front ofhim.
 
A.If B.As C.Since D.Whether
 
19.At about twelve o’clock,themandecided to eat his lunch.
 
A.being stopped B.stopping C.to be stopped D.to stop
 
20.He threw stones at the birds but couldnothit.
 
A.him B.her C.it D.them
 
21.Peter is going toalake he can fish with his friends.
 
A.which B.here C.where D.there
 
22.They into the dormitoryalready.
 
A.have moved B.moving C.move D.havingmoved
 
23.Everyone is getting old,butyoulook thanever.
 
A.younger B.youngest C.the youngest D.young
 
24.——Do you enjoy your presentjob?
 
——.I just do it for aliving.
 
A.Of course B.Notreally C.Notlikely D.Not alittle
 
25.They have arrived at lunchtime but their flight wasdelayed.
 
A.will B.can C.must D.should
 
26.After dinner the minister madeashort to theguests.
 
A.delivery B.speech C.pronunciation D.conversation
 
27.Jean is one of those modern girlswhoalways the latestfashions.
 
A.put up with B.come up with C.keep up with D.get along with
 
28.The room was so quiet that she couldhearthe of her heart.
 
A.hitting B.beating C.tapping D.knocking
 
29.Thiswatchis to all the other watches in thestore.
 
A.superior B.advantages C.super D.beneficial
 
30.The of the valley was verywet.
 
A.head B.basis C.top D.bottom
 
31.Thesun in theeast.
 
A.rises B.raises C.increases D.goes
 
32.When you have kids,you won’t have time to go toparties
 
A.further B.stillmore C.anymore D.nomore
 
33.Theyhidthemselves atree.
 
A.off B.after C.behind D.before
 
34.The protestswere not to NewYork.
 
A.balanced B.ended C.limited D.attended
 
35.He has never recoveredfromthe of his brother’sdeath.
 
A.aim B.shock C.plan D.opinion
 
36.Ifyou smoke,please gooutside.
 
A.can B.should C.must D.may
 
37.The police officers in our cityworkhard the rest of us can live a safelife.
 
A.in case B.asif C.inorderthat D.onlyif
 
38.Nomatterhow,it is not necessarilylifeless.
 
A.a desert maybedry B.dry may a desertbe
 
C.may a desertbedry D.dry a desert maybe
 
39.The girl glanced over her shoulder andfoundherself by a young man inblack.
 
A.wasfollowed B.had beenfollowed
 
C.following D.followed
 
40.They made a great effort to preparetheexhibition,to achieve a bigsuccess.
 
A.hoped B.hoping C.tohope D.hope
 
41.I have been looking for this book for severalweeks,and I have foundit.
 
A.atleast B.innotime C.atlast D.atpresent
 
42.Thousandsofpeople thefuneral.
 
A.cared B.attended C.devoted D.appeared 43.I’m afraid youhaveno but to come along withus.
 
A.possibility B.permission C.choice D.selection
 
44.The old man gotintothe of storing money under thebed.
 
A.habit B.tradition C.use D.custom
 
45.Sheisso that she cried for days when her pet catdied.
 
A.sensible B.sensitive C.imaginative D.impressive Part III Identification(10%)
 
46.The new stadium being built(A)for the next Asian Games will be(B)three times as bigger(C)as the present(D)one.
 
47.After(A)the long journey,the three of(B)them went back(C)home,hungry and tiredly(D).
 
48.Surprising(A)and happy,Tony stood(B)up and accepted(C)the prize(D).
 
49.Wetried(A)hard,and eventually(B),we were(C)able to get Mike lent(D)us his car just for aday.
 
50.He doesn’t want(A)to spend many(B)timeshopping(C)in(D)NewYork.
 
51.If he(A)were more experienced(B),I will(C)vote for(D)him.
 
52.Taking a train(A)is most(B)comfortable than(C)taking an(D)airplane.
 
53.I used to swam(A)in high school(B),but I don’t have(C)time now(D).
 
54.I hope(A)the weather(B)must(C)be sunny(D)Friday.
 
55.Jim sold(A)most of his things(B).He has hardly nothing(C)left in(D)thehouse.
 
Part IV Cloze
 
Directions:There are 20 blanks in the following passage,and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A,B,C,and D at the end of the passage.You should choose ONE answer that best fits intothe passage.Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
In the summer of 1838,John Wannamaker was born in Philadelphia.His father was a brick-maker.Whenever he was not 56 school,John was engaged in turning bricks which were laid in the sun to 57.Thus,the quality of working 58 was instilled(灌输)into the young man.59 his own diligence,he later became the merchant prince of Philadelphia.A few years later,school was 60 and he worked in a store four miles away 61 his home.He walked eight miles every day,going to work in the morning and 62 back home in the evening.He 63 only$1.25 for the entire week’work.Afterwards he was 64 as a clerk in a law office,and later he worked in a clothing store at a 65 of$1.50 per week.Here he seemed to find the calling 66 suited his taste,and he developed a pleasing disposition(性格).People 67 to trade with the young clerk.It was not long 68 he was called to responsible positions.In 1861,he already saved several hundred dollars.As he had 69 a reputation for honesty and ability,he was able to start in business on his own account.This firm of Wannamaker&Brown was situated 70 the corner of Sixth and Market streets.As the business 71,other stores were opened.John Wannamaker,the poor clerk—after a 72 of twenty years of hard work,pushed by energy,controlled a force of 6,000 employees.Not only did the firm handle clothing,but also articles that could be generally 73 in retail(零售)stores.The secret of his great success is his tireless diligence,and a 74 mastery of his business.He was one of the most successful merchants in history who were extremely good at thinking of new business ideas and 75 them successful.56.A.at B.with C.for D.about
 
57.A.work B.see C.fly D.dry
 
58.A.quite B.hard C.shortly D.easily
 
59.A.Beyond B.Along C.By D.In
 
60.A.absorbed B.announced C.abandoned D.advanced
 
61.A.for B.through C.with D.from
 
62.A.coming B.came C.leaving D.left
 
63.A.captured B.received C.combined D.returned
 
64.A.employed B.consumed C.followed D.displayed
 
65.A.service B.number C.salary D.course
 
66.A.where B.which C.when D.what
 
67.A.worried B.hated C.permitted D.liked
 
68.A.although B.after C.because D.before
 
69.A.earned B.reached C.pushed D.repaired
 
70.A.above B.below C.at D.with
 
71.A.followed B.divided C.increased D.dropped
 
72.A.justice B.period C.recall D.misery
 
73.A.visited B.caught C.produced D.found
 
74.A.thorough B.public C.normal D.recent
 
75.A.put B.made C.putting D.making
 
Part V Translation
 
Section A
 
Directions:In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese.These
 
sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension.You
 
can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.
 
76.The members were quick to come to his rescue.
 
77.This would ruin the spacesuit.
 
78.It consists of plastic food dis played in a wooden box.
 
79.Scientists are wondering why.
 
80.During the process,they noticed that several of the trees had died.
 
Section B
 
Directions:In this part there are five sentences in Chinese.You should translate them into English.Be sure to write clearly.
 
81.这部电影值得看。
 
82.他每天做公共汽车上班。
 
83.整个早晨我都在打篮球。
 
84.飞机马上就要起飞了。
 
85.今天比昨天热的多。
 
答案:
 
Part 1阅读理解
 
1-5 ADAAB
 
1.A.Firefighters from Beaufort Fire Department.2.D.Cooper got a T-shirt from the fire department at his second birthday party.3.A.invite him as a guest
 
4.A.Cooper was not good at making friends
 
5.B.satisfied with
 
6-10 BDDCB
 
6.B.Preserving Plastic
 
7.D.easily broken
 
8.D.look for ways to preserve it
 
9.C.accelerate
 
10.B.Armstrong’s spacesuit is currently on public display at NASM.11-15 ACCBC
 
11.A.Die-off of Africa’s Baobabs
 
12.C.12 years
 
13.C.climate change
 
14.B.range
 
15.C.The researchers found that only old baobab trees died.
 
Part 2词汇与结构
 
16-20 B.an A.that B.as D.to stop D.them
 
21-25 C.where A.have moved A.younger B.Not really D should
 
26-30 B.speech C.keep up with B.beating A.superior A.head
 
31-35:A rises C anymore C behind C limited B shock
 
36-40:C must C in order that D dry a desert may be D followed B hoping
 
41-45:C at last B attended C choice A habit B sensitive
 
Part 3挑错
 
46-50 C.bigger D.tiredly A.surprising D.lent B.many
 
51-55 C.will B.most A.swam C.must D.nothing.
 
Part 4完形填空
 
56-60 A.at D.dry B.hard C.By C.abandoned
 
61-65 D.from A.coming B.received A.employed C.salary
 
66-70 B.which D.liked D.before A.earned C.at
 
71-75 C.increased B.period D.found A.thorough D.making
 
Part 5翻译
 
Section A
 
76.The members were quick to come to his rescue.成员们很快就来营救他。
 
77.This would ruin the spacesuit.这会毁了宇航服。
 
78.It consists of plastic food dis played in a wooden box.它由装在木箱里的塑料食品组成。
 
79.Scientists are wondering why.科学家想知道为什么。
 
80.During the process,they noticed that several of the trees had died.在这个过程中,他们发现有几棵树死了。
 
Section B
 
81.这部电影值得看。
 
The film is worth seeing.8
 
2.他每天做公共汽车上班。
 
He goes to work by bus every day.
 
83.整个早晨我都在打篮球。
 
I've been playing basketball all the morning.
 
84.飞机马上就要起飞了。
 
The plane is about to take off.
 
85.今天比昨天热的多。
 
It's much hotter today than yesterday.
 
相信同学们只要好好复习,就能顺利通过学位英语考试,拿到湖北成考学士学位证书!
 
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